I’m not here to offer platitudes, express outrage or appeal to jingoism and xenophobia. I think there has been enough of that in the last ten years and there is nothing I can say about the event that hasn’t already been said. What I do want to do is discuss how the world’s worst terrorist attack changed science fiction and the portrayal of government, religion and society.
Battlestar Galactica – Forged in the Fires of 9/11
The most brutal assessment of the insidious and self-serving nature of religion, and how it is used to justify atrocities (often in the name of those great virtues that apparently comes exclusively from religion “peace”, “love” and “tolerance”), is from Battlestar Galactica. The humans with their ancient pantheon and the cylons with their all-powerful monotheism were both convinced with their own righteousness and belief in their own revealed truths that they became consumed with the evil of the other side.
Fanaticism at first seemed the exclusive preserve of the Cylons, their readiness to quote scripture and use suicide bombs to further their cause; yet later on the more subtle fanaticism of the humans became clear as they spurn the possibility of peace with the Cylons whom they could never see as equal. Boomer/Athena’s cross-breed baby is an “abomination” and the idea of sentient machines challenges everything they believe about their spiritual uniqueness. Even when proven that these Cylons are more than machines, the evidence is fiercely resisted, denied and condemned.
I discussed before Laura Roslin’s subtle manipulation of religious sentiment to foster an image of being a great spiritual leader. She is cynical and her followers clearly blind (willingly so at times perhaps?) to her plot. She doesn’t believe the prophecies herself but she is all too willing to cause them to happen to achieve the goals she desires.
Very late on, Gaius Baltar becomes a figure of veneration washed up in a cult of personality. He is an egomaniac and despite knowing that he is not what they say he is, he goes with it any way. This state of affairs came about as a result of Caprica Six’ manipulation of Baltar, eventually working him up to think he has a destiny.
Leaving religion to one side for the moment, the tragedy is that both sides are guilty of atrocities against the other side, they hate each other for those atrocities and ignore their own wrongdoing or attempt to justify it. The cycle of violence continues ever onward. Its almost a Frankenstein-Creature relationship.
Elsewhere on the Web
This article from three years ago suggested that film adaptations of The Mist and Minority Report were indicative of a post 9/11 world. I find this bizarre. Stephen King wrote it in 1980 and the 2007 film is true to the novella in a lot of ways. Most importantly the theme of religious mania and the people who follow them out of desperation were both already present. Perhaps as with BSG, 9/11 allowed such a harsh, brutal criticism of religious fervour to be expressed more openly than we might have permitted before?
As for Minority Report, I do not get this at all. The criminalisation of thoughts of committing a crime has been an issue in written fiction for a long time. George Orwell penned the term thought crime in 1984 and the suppression of all kinds of freedoms was prevalent through the 20th century.
Other suggestions include 2001’s Dune mini series. Again I find this bizarre. The book was written in the 1960s and as far as I am concerned a faithful adaptation was needed since Lynch butchered the source material in the 80s. The mini-series is that faithful adaptation and its sequel completed the first three books well.
This interesting blog post goes into some depth about Harry Potter and I think the author is right. There is a clear change of tone between Goblet of Fire and Order of the Phoenix. As Voldemort goes from the invisible ghoul to clear and present danger, the Ministry of Magic becomes insular, less of a clueless dinosaur, more aggressive, paranoid and proactive and less concerned with the wider world and their place in it – a bit like UKIP.
V For Vendetta
I also have to ask myself whether a film adaptation of V for Vendetta could have been made before 9/11 without a context for the re-imagining. The original graphic novel was written in the 1980s and was a critique of Thatcherism. People could relate to it then but 30 years later the original message is redundant. 9/11 became the catalyst to a new vision of future fascism in Britain. The influence is obvious: Roger Allam’s character Prothero, sounding very much like a British Glen Beck or Rush Limbaugh on speed blames “godlessness” for America’s failings, “homosexuals”, “immigrants” and “Muslims” for Britain’s and cites their deportation or execution as our saving grace. The fanatical religious expression of Norsefire (the ruling party) is reminiscent of the evangelical movement’s support for GWB in the years immediately following 9/11. Watch the documentary Jesus Camp to see the sort of thing I mean.
The chief protagonist addresses the nation’s paranoia “where once you had the freedom to object, to think and speak as you saw fit, you now have censors and systems of surveillance coercing your conformity and soliciting your submission. How did this happen? Who’s to blame? Well certainly there are those more responsible than others, and they will be held accountable, but again truth be told, if you’re looking for the guilty, you need only look into a mirror. I know why you did it. I know you were afraid. Who wouldn’t be? War, terror, disease…” as both the US and UK has seen the rise of extremism in the last ten years (albeit in different ways), this is food for thought.
I also have to wonder whether Cloverfield would have been filmed in the way that it was had it not been for 9/11. We all know that it was not the first film about a giant creature attacking a city (and New York specifically) but it was the first time that it dealt solely with ordinary people and how they try to survive such a horrific event. We don’t see the President, the Mayor, military or civic leaders except through brief meetings with our protagonists. Some sites have pointed to New York being the centre of the film is indicative of 9/11 but I personally feel that the setting of New York is superficial.
I want to end this post by posting a video. It is G’Kar’s epiphany from the Babylon 5 episode Dust to Dust.
5 thoughts on “Social Commentary in science fiction: How it changed after 9/11”
Watching the video opened my eyes..and your blog post on 9-11 is thought provoking too. I am glad I stop here because it lets me remember things that I did not from ten years ago. It’s all important information! Thanks for posting it. Jackie ~
To somebody who has never watched B5 most of that video may be confusing but the sentiment is powerful ands can be applied to any similar situation.
Hello from a first time visitor.
Quick “two cents” from someone who was a casual attendee and knows a bit more about the film “Jesus Camp” … indulge me, don’t run.
Does not take an expert to know all media is manipulative and formative – one’s perception is often guided or purposely MISguided. And so it was with JCamp (hah hardly a “true christianity” endeavour – btw CSLewis anyone?) I will come out and say it. The then Pastor (saying that with wince due to the lack of true pastoring) was monetarily involved with his “arch nemesis” Dr Hawkins (oh yes, they were/are schemers)
Many of the church attendants at that time had no involvement or awareness of such a project. To say JCamp is representative of religion, is same if one would say “I bought a dozen apples and 4 were rotten! I conclude all apples are not good…”
I am in NO way defending JCamp. The mere fact it was made to manipulative others to certain mindsets is what had upset me.
Even with Dawkins, he also lost many of his “followers/sheep” due to their assessment of his extremisms. Along with “seeming to be in it only for the money.”
Maybe in this new age of faster, easier GLOBAL communication we lose the balance of being an individual who also contributes to the community. Instead, seems humanity is more the automotan – out of fear or laziness.
SF post 911 – too much propaganda. TV and Theatre.
I don’t think anybody says it was – it is a world away from the typical CofE service that I would recognise. I think you are missing the point though. It was showing a snapshot of an evangelical summer camp, typical or not. No commentary was added because none was required. The makers also allowed the participants to view before general release and asked them if they were happy with the production.
I don’t have the slightest idea what you are talking about here, sorry.
I disagree – I think it finally permitted society to ask ourselves precisely what benefits we get from religion having such control over our lives. This is a question we are all still asking now, that and why religions aren’t happy merely to influence their followers that they are becoming increasingly strident in attempting to grab temporal power over the rest of us
Reblogged this on Sweat, Tears and Digital Ink and commented:
With the problems in the Middle East of ISIS, I think it is pertinent to repost this now, an article I originally wrote three years ago on the 10th anniversary.